Science evolves with each discovery and experiment conducted. However, persistent myths continue to circulate, despite the resounding evidence debunking them. In this blog post, we’ll delve into the ten most common science myths, providing scientific studies to disprove them.
1. Myth: We Only Use 10% of Our Brain
The belief that humans only use a fraction of their brain’s capacity is a widespread myth. In reality, neurological research, including a study from the psychologicalscience.org, demonstrates that nearly all parts of the brain have a known function, indicating that we use much more than just 10% of our brain.
2. Myth: Chameleons Change Color to Blend Into Their Environment
Contrary to popular belief, chameleons don’t primarily change color for camouflage. According to a study in Nature Communications, chameleons primarily change color to regulate their temperatures or communicate with other chameleons.
3. Myth: Humans Have Five Senses
While it’s common to believe we have only five senses, researchers in the scientific community argue we have many more. A study published in the PLOS Biology suggests senses like balance, temperature, and pain also play integral roles in our perception.
4. Myth: Sugar Causes Hyperactivity in Children
Many believe that sugary foods lead to hyperactivity in children, but a meta-analysis published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, which found no significant link between sugar intake and children’s behavior, debunked this myth.
5. Myth: A Penny Dropped From a Tall Building Can Kill
The myth that a penny dropped from a high building could kill a person has been around for years. However, a paper from the Scientific American demonstrated that a penny doesn’t have enough mass to reach a lethal velocity.
6. Myth: Goldfish Have a Three-Second Memory
Contrary to the widespread belief that goldfish have a short memory span, a study in the Science ABC found that goldfish can remember information for up to five months.
7. Myth: Bats Are Blind
Contrary to the popular saying “blind as a bat”, bats are not blind. In fact, research published in the USGS l has shown that bats possess a visual system and can use visual landmarks for navigation.
8. Myth: Lightning Never Strikes the Same Place Twice
This is a common myth, but lightning indeed can and does strike the same place twice, as confirmed by a report from the National Weather Service.
9. Myth: Humans Evolved from Monkeys
While humans share common ancestors with monkeys, we didn’t evolve directly from them. The theory of evolution, supported by a wealth of studies, including those found in the Human Orgins, explains this common misconception.
10. Myth: The Great Wall of China is Visible from Space
People widely spread the belief that we can see the Great Wall of China from space, but it is not accurate. Astronauts, as well as a study from the Scientific American, confirm that the wall is not visible from low Earth orbit without aid.
Understanding and debunking these common myths is an exciting journey through the wonders of science. Stay curious, stay informed, and remember that science is a continuous path of discovery and learning.