Russia’s economy and manufacturing sector declined sharply following the Cold War, but the largest country in the world is still an industrial center. Russia’s 3.1 million daily barrels of oil translate to fifth on the list of the world’s largest gas consumers.
Like China, India is a growing country with a population over 1 billion. India’s gas consumption has grown every year since 2006. In 2011, the subcontinent consumed just over 3.3 million barrels of oil each day, based on U.S. Energy Information Administration statistics.
Despite being overtaken by China, Japan is still a major industrial center in Asia. The production center for millions of automobiles, Japan also has a high rate of vehicle ownership, resulting in high gas consumption. Japanese drivers and industry use up nearly 4.5 million barrels of oil each day, as of 2011 U.S. Energy Information Administration figures.
As China’s population swells beyond 1 billion, its gas consumption continues to rise. As of 2011, China used just more than half as much petroleum as the United States, 9.8 million barrels per day, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration. However, while the U.S. figure is trending downwards, China’s is rising. New factories, manufacturing and personal car ownership all contribute to China’s second place status.
1 The United States
The United States leads the world in gasoline consumption by a significant margin. According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration, as of 2011 the United States consumes close to 19 million barrels of crude oil each day, much in the form of domestically refined gasoline. Each state sets its own gas tax rate, which is lower than in many parts of the world. The scale of U.S. gas consumption is large because of the high rate of vehicle ownership and the reliance on personal cars over public transportation in many regions.