A lot goes into producing a cup of the best coffee in the world. While coffee trees grow anywhere from sea to frost level, the best conditions include lots of rain, a mean temperature of about 70° and nutrient-rich, well-drained soil.
Trees growing at lower altitudes produce coffee fruit year-round, but this results in large quantities of beans that are harsh, high in caffeine and suitable only for mass-produced commercial coffee.
Up in the mountains, each coffee tree produces less fruit, which is more flavorful and correspondingly pricey. Five regions consistently produce the highest quality coffee that java drinkers crave.
Here are the top five countries that produce the best coffee in the world:
Brazil is by far the world’s biggest coffee producer, growing about a third of all coffee. Much of it is low quality, but some of the finest beans also hail from Brazil. Brazilian coffee is grown at 2,000- to 4,000-foot elevations, far lower than most fine coffees, which grow at elevations above 5,000 feet. Bahia and Bourbon Santos are the country’s most celebrated beans. The regions that grow the finest coffee are hilly Mogiana and Sul Minas, and the high plateau of the Cerrado.
Aside from the fact that the country is one of the largest producers of coffee, Brazil is also on the list of countries that make the best coffee in the world.
Brazil’s is some of the best coffee in the world because of its low acidity (due to the lower altitude in which the bean is grown), making the coffee beans sweet, round and excellent tasting.
Also, Brazilian coffee is mostly dry processed. This means that it has been dried from inside the fruit first. This will ensure that much of the sweetness of its fruit will carry on over into the cup.
The best Brazilian coffee is soft, nutty, low acidity and offers a nice bittersweet chocolaty taste.
Because of this, Brazilian coffee makes for an excellent base for making flavored coffees. A good Brazil coffee can add a lot to espresso blends, too.
The two major types of coffee beans are the Arabica and Robusta.
Brazil Bourbon Santos is one of the popular Arabica beans in Brazil. A good Brazilian Bourbon Santos has a light to medium body, yields a low acidity, and has a very pleasant aroma.
Where To Find It: The Coffee and Tea Exchange