5. African Bush Elephant
Standing up to 13 feet tall at the shoulder and weighing as much as 14 tons, the elephant’s massive size ensures that adults have few predators. Despite being the world’s largest land mammal, the African bush elephant is dwarfed by this list’s other living things. Twenty one elephants would have to stand on each others’ shoulders to brush General Sherman’s top branches, and it would take at least seven to balance out the scales opposite a blue whale.
4. Blue Whale
Plants and fungi are at something of an advantage over other living things, because they have the benefit of continuous growth for thousands of years. Most living things don’t have that kind of longevity, but the blue whale still manages to grow to lengths of 100 feet or more, and can weigh more than 100 tons. A blue whale calf is about 25 feet long when it’s born, and consumes 100 gallons of milk from its mother each day until it’s weaned. Amazingly, these massive creatures feed primarily on krill, eating as much as 4 tons of the tiny shrimp-like crustaceans in one day.
3. General Sherman
General Sherman is certainly the biggest giant sequoia tree, maybe even the biggest tree in the world. It’s certainly not larger than Pando, or the Oregon monster mushroom that could really use a name. Giant sequoias are the biggest trees in the world, although they’re not always the tallest. General Sherman is nearly 275 feet tall and as much as 100 feet around. The size of trees is measured by the volume of their trunks, and General Sherman’s trunk volume is estimated at 52,500 cubic feet. If you wanted to cut down General Sherman and use it for lumber, you’d have 120 miles of standard-sized planks when you were done.
Hold it right there, monster mushroom! Utah claims it in fact has the world’s largest living thing. What looks like a forest is actually a single organism, a single aspen grove share the same single root system. Aspen clones grow by sprouting trees connected via the same root system. Scientists christened this particular clone Pando, a Latin word meaning “I spread,” which is exactly what it’s done–to the tune of 40,000 trees covering over 100 acres. This particular clone has possibly been spreading for 80,000 years.
1. Monster Mushroom
More than 2,000 years ago, a honey mushroom spore started spreading through an Oregon forest–and never stopped. In the year 2000, scientists boldly proclaimed this fungus was the largest single living organism on Earth. The humongous fungus covers at least 2,200 acres and reaches (on average) 3 feet into the ground. Mushrooms for miles, covering an area larger than 1,500 football fields–that’s a lot of cream of mushroom soup.