5 The German Cup
In the greatest scandal in the history of German soccer since the 1970s, Robert Hoyzer joined the sad and thankfully short list of refs who disgraced the whistle by succumbing to the pressure of gamblers and greed. The German Cup scandal is noteworthy, if for nothing else, because of its sheer size. Authorities seized the equivalent of $1.5 million, but some estimate that the fraud could have netted the criminals as much as $15 million. The incident confirmed long-held German suspicions that their sport was corrupt and cast a shadow over the 2006 World Cup, which was hosted by Germany.
4 The Whistle Mafia
In 2005, wealthy Internet gamblers conspired with FIFA referees to fix a series of matches of Brazilian National Championship soccer—or “football,” as they insist on calling it. The refs took about $8,000 apiece per game in exchange for their souls and a favorable standing with the Whistle Mafia, as the local papers dubbed the gamblers. It is impossible to exaggerate how close to a religion soccer is for average Brazilians, and the scandal horrified the country and nullified several matches.
3 2002 Olympic Skating
In the Salt Lake City Winter Olympics of 2002, a scandalous decision by a panel of judges handed a victory to a Russian figure skater over a Canadian who was expected to win. The call was so controversial that the TV broadcasters actually expressed outrage on the air. A French judge, Marie-Reine Le Gougne, later confessed—and then recanted—that a top French official pressured her to give it to the Russians no matter what. Cold, Ms. Le Gougne. Ice cold.
2 NFL Replacement Refs
In the final seconds of a nationally televised Monday night game in 2012, the Green Bay Packers were robbed of a touchdown against the Seattle Seahawks in one of the greatest blown calls in the history of men dressed like zebras. This disaster, however, was the culmination of a series of events that made a meltdown almost inevitable. The NFL hired scab replacement referees to stand in for the striking A-team. After a series of blunders, fans and pundits alike predicted disaster. No one was disappointed—except the Packers.
1 NBA Betting Scandal
If baseball teams were NBA referees, the Chicago Black Sox of 1919 would be Tim Donaghy. Donaghy did time in prison for betting on games that he was officiating, and then making—or not making—calls that would affect the point spread in his favor. He even used other refs as unwitting pawns by instructing them to revise their officiating strategies to the benefit of his book. For a league filled with giants, Donaghy brought the sport to a new low.